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1.  put down   放下shut down  把…关上cut down   砍掉come down  下来、落下slow down  减缓、放慢sit down   坐下write down  写下get down  下来,降落2.  after all  毕竟.终究after that  于是.然后day after day  日复一日地one after another  相继.挨次soon after  不久以后the day after tomorrow  后天3.  come up with  找到、提出catch up with  赶上wake up  弄醒、醒来send up  发射open up  开设、开办grow up  长大pick up  拾起、捡起hands up  举手eat up  吃光clean up  打扫干净give up doing sth.=stop doing sth.  放弃做某事4.  arrive at/in + n.  到达get to +n.  到达reach + n.  到达arrive / get +adv.  到达5.  get…back  退还,送回去.取回give back  归还come back  回来at the back of  在…的后面on the way (back)home  在回家路上6.  at least  至少at breakfast  早餐时at desk  在桌前at once立刻,马上at school  在上学at the same time  同时at work  在工作be good at=do well in 擅长laugh at  嘲笑not…at all  一点也不at first  起初at night  在晚上at noon  中午at the age of // when sb. was…years old   在…岁时at last / in the end / finally   最后、终于at the beginning of the twenty-first century  在21世纪初at the end of   在…终点、结尾at the moment // now现在at the foot of  在…脚下at Christmas  在圣诞节at any moment  任何时候at times(sometimes)  有时,偶尔at the doctor’s  在医务室be bad at不擅长7.  for example  例如for ever  永远be good for  对…有益be bad for  对…有害for long=for a long time  长期for short 简称be short for  是…的简称TV is short for “television”8.  come true  实现come down  下来come from=be from  来自,出生于come in/into  进入,进来come on  赶快come over  过来come along  走吧,过来,快点come and go  来来去去come up  上来come out  出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来9.  even though=even if  即使、虽然、尽管10. be pleased with  对…感到满意be covered with  被…覆盖be expected to do sth.  被期望做某事be proud of   以…自豪speak highly of  称赞be afraid of  害怕hear of   听说(hear from sb.收到某人的来信)of course=certainly  当然可以plenty of= a lot of  许多11.  by the way  顺便说by oneself  单独,独自by the end of  到…为至by the time  (引起时间状语从句)到…的时候one by one  依次by air / plane  乘飞机by bus / train / car  乘公共汽车/火车/轿车catch a bus  赶公交车get on / off the bus上/下车take a bus to…=go to …by bus乘车去12.  do / try one’s best  尽力do one’s homework  做家庭作业do (the/some) shopping  购物do the cooking  烹饪do some cleaning  打扫do the / some washing  洗衣服do sport  做运动do with sb / sth.  处理well done  干得好13.  early in the morning  一大早in the early spring  初春in my early days  我幼年时期early bus  早班车14.  make a contribution to  贡献给、捐献make a telephone call to sb. // ring sb. up // give sb. a call //phone sb.给某人打电话connect…to…把…与…连接起来be close to  靠近(某地)give birth to  生(孩子)lose to sb  输给sb .15.  either…or…  或者…或者…on either side of the street  街道任何一边on each side of the street  街道每一边on both sides of the street  街道两边16.  keep doing sth.  不停地做某事(表示状态继续)keep on doing sth.   坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行)practise doing sth.  练习做某事enjoy doing sth.  喜欢做某事finish doing sth.  做完某事go on doing sth.  继续做某事(同一件事)17.  go on to do sth.  接着做某事(另一事)go straight along   沿着…一直往前走go down  下降go for a walk  散步go over  复习go shopping  买东西go to the cinema  去看电影go well  进展顺利go off to  动身前往go out  外出go to work  去上班go up  上升want a go  想试一试18.  think about  考虑think of  认为、想起、考虑、想到think over  仔细考虑think out  想出talk about  谈论worry about  担心How / What about…?…怎么样?19.  borrow…from …  从…借…lend…to…  把…借给…from door to door  挨家挨户from time to time  时时from now on  从今以后from then on   从那以后be different from  与…不同learn…from…  向…学习20.  get dressed  穿衣get into  进入get / be lost  丢失get off / on下/  上车get on well with sb.  与某人相处得好get out of  从…出来get ready for +n.  为…做准备get ready to do sth.  准备做某事get / go to sleep (fall asleep)  入睡be asleep  睡着get warm   变暧get well  康复get a chance  有机会、得到机会21.  look for   寻找wait for  等候look after=take care of  照看look like  看起来像look over  检查,复习look out  小心,从里向外看look the same  看起来一样look up  向上看,查单词look around  环视look forward to  期望look through  温习,检查22.  set off  出发、动身put off  推迟keep off  避开、不靠近…drop off  放下(某物)turn off  关jump off  跳离take off  脱(衣),(飞机)起飞23.  half a kilo  半千克half an hour  半小时in half  分成两半half of the day  半天24.  do eye exercises  做眼保健操do morning exercises  做早操  take (more) exercise   (多)参加体育锻炼an exercise book  练习本25.  take part in  参加hand in  上交in hospital  住院in surprise  吃惊地in the sun  在阳光下in trouble  处于困境in a minute / moment马上26.  leave for…  动身去某地27.  feed on  以…为主食live on  继续活着base on  以…为根据carry on  坚持、继续下去and so on  等等on the other hand  另一方面on foot  步行28.  be famous for  以..著名be excited about +n./V-ing  对…感到兴奋be interested in   对…感兴趣be born  出生be busy with sth.=be busy doing sth.  忙于…be amazed at   对..感到惊讶29.  move away  移开move to  (搬)移到30.  search the Internet  上网31.  make sure   确信make a dialogue  编对话make a mistake  犯错误by mistake  由于疏忽make a noise  吵闹make faces  做鬼脸make friends (with)  和..交朋友make room for  给..让地方make tea  沏茶make money  赚钱make a decision  作出决定32.  used to do sth  过去常常做某事be used to doing sth.  习惯于做某事33.  leave sth+介词短语 “把……忘记在某处”34.  forget to do sth.  忘记做某事encourage sb. to do sth.  鼓励某人做某事decide to do sth.  决定做某事allow sb. to do sth.  允许某人做某事35.  hear sb. to do (doing)sth.  听见某人做某事36.  help sb. (to) do sth .//help sb. with sth.   帮助某人做某事with one’s help  在某人的帮助下with pleasure  乐意37.  the summer holiday(s)  暑假the winter holiday(s)  寒假38.  step into  走进pour into  倒入…39.  in the first  第一for the first time  第一次at first  起初a firs t language  母语first of all  首先40.  leave a message for sb.  给某人留条give / take sb. a message  给某人捎口信41.  take photos / pictures  照像take away  拿走take out  取出work out  算出take care  当心take medicine   服药take one’s temperature  量体温take one’s time  别着急take a walk  散步take place  发生42.  learn by oneself / teach oneself  自学learn by heart  背熟43.  a year and a half (one and a half years )   一年半44.  have a try  尝试,努力try out  尝试、试验find out / about  找出,查明have a good / wonderful / great / time  玩得开心have a (bad) cold  (重)感冒have a meeting / walk / watch  开会/散步/比赛have sports  进行体育活动have nothing / sth. to do with  与..无(有)关have no idea  不知道have (one’s) medicine  服药45.  offer sb sth.  给某人提供某物46.  win first prize  获一等奖47.  all over the world= around the world =throughout the world  全世界48.  all kinds of  各种各样的49.  neither… nor  既不…也不….50.  not only … but also … 不但…而且both… and ……和…都51.  the more , the better  越多越好52.  all one’s life 一生53.  as soon as 一…就…as soon as possible  尽可能早地、尽快as well = too也as much as  至多as little as  至少regard …as   把…当作…as if 好像54.  no matter 无论…55   ever since 从那以后,此后一直56.  so far 到目前为止or so大约57.  another two hours (=two more hours )  又(再) 2个小时58.  three times a week  一周三次59.  the number of…  的数量a (large / good) number of / large numbers of / many  许多60.  less than少于 , less and less   越来越少61.  …is another way of saying…  什么是..的另一说法 Quick is another way of saying fast. Bike is short for bicycle.62.  not…until…  直到…才…63.  be like  像feel like +n./V-ing  想要like best  最喜欢 , would like to 想要64.  the 24 hour clock 24  小时制65.  wash away  冲走run away  逃跑take away  带走66.  before long  不久long before / ago  很久以前for long =for a long time  长期no longer = not. .any longer  不再67.  more or less = about  或多或少,大约more than = over  多于,超过68.  every year  每年every four years  每隔四年every other day  每隔一天everyday English / life  日常英语/生活69.  next to  紧挨着next door  隔壁,邻居next year  明年next time  下次70.  receive / get / have a letter from sb. = hear from sb  收到某人的来信71.  on show = on display  展览72.be filled with / be full of  充满…73. thank to =because of  由于74.  some day =one day  (将来)某一天all day  终日day and night 日日夜夜in a day or two  一两天内in the old days  从前,旧社会from day to day (day after day)  日复一日the day before yesterday  前天the day after tomorrow  后天Tree Planting Day  植树节Women’s Day   妇女节75.  keep / stop / prevent… (from) doing sth.  防止(阻止)…做某事stop to do sth.  停下来去做某事stop doing sth.  停止做某事76.  nice and +adj. = very +adj.  很,非常77.  a place (places) of interest  名胜78.  three quarters of the information on the Internet  因特网上四分之三的信息two thirds of the books  三分之二的书79.  credit card  信用卡80.  the increasing population  增长着的人口81.  a path of travel  旅行路线82.  point at / to  指向83.  by sea = by ship  乘船by the sea = on the sea  在海边at sea在海上84.  set one’s mind to do sth.  一心想做某事85.  multiply…by…  乘以…86.  See you!  再见You see.  你知道,你明白,你瞧Let me see.  让我想想see sb. off  给某人送行see a / the doctor  看病see sb . do / doing sth.  看见某人做某事87.  some…others  一些(人,物)…其他(人,物)one…another  一个..另一个(三者或以上 )one…the other  一个…另一个(总数二个)88.  be worn out  穿旧,磨坏check out  核实,检查write out  写出take sth. out of  从…拿出/取出某物89.  in this way  用这种方法in a few year’s time  几年以后in space  在太空in and out of class  在课内课外in the last fifteen minutes  在最后十五分钟里in the second half   在下半场later in one’s life  在某人后半身in the air  在空中in the open air  在户外90.  give sb. an injection给某人打针 , get an injection打针91.  have been to  去过某地have gone to  到某地去了92.  here + be+ 名词+ for+某人  ( Here is a letter for you. 这儿有你的一封信.)93.  be far behind +某人  (He is far behind others.  他落后于别人)94.  one of + adj.  最高级+复数名词95.  take +某物+with +某人  (You’d better take an umbrella with you.  你最好带上雨伞)96.  prefer to= like…better than  宁愿,更喜欢prefer + V-ing (to do sth.) ( I prefer doing (to do) it myself .我喜欢自己做那件事).Would / should  等情态动词 + prefer +不定式. (I would prefer to do it myself.我宁愿自己做那件事)prefer +名词(v-ing) + to+名词 (v-ing) (I prefer learning English to playing football.我愿意学英语而不愿踢足球)prefer +不定式(名词)+ rather than + 不带to的不定式, (I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我喜欢走着去那里, 而不愿乘车)prefer + 名词(代词) to do sth. (We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来)97.  人+ spend +time (money) +(in) doing sth. (I spent over two hours (in) finishing my homework.我花了两个多小时完成家庭作业.)人 + spend + time (money) + on +名词, (He spent 1,000 on the TV set .他花了一千元买电视机)人 + pay + money +for +sth. ( He paid ten yuan for the book .他花了10元钱买那本书.)It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb. + time (money) + to do sth. (It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there bybus.乘车去那里只花你10分钟)物+ cost + (sb.) + money, (The dictionary cost me 20 yuan .我花20元钱买了那本词典)98.  do with + sb. / sth. (What have you done with the pork ? 那些肉你怎么处理了?)99.  mind + if 从句, (Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?)mind + V-ing, (Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?)100.  what…for? / why…? (What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English?)101.  need + 名词 (v-ing), (The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理)102. “be used for+ 名词(v-ing),”被用来做.. (A writing brush is used for writing.)“be used as+名词”, 被作为…使用 (English is used as the first language in none of these countries. )“be used by+动作执行者”, 被…使用,103.  be made of 由…制造(This table is made of wood .这张课桌是木制的)be made from由…制成 (This kind of paper is made from wood . 这种纸是用木材制成的)be made in+地点, “某地制造”(These cars are made in Germany) be made by+人, “由谁制造的” (This kite is made byKate . )104.  more developed countries发达国家, less developed countries不发达国家, developing countries发展中国家105.  be worth + money (V-ing),值…钱.值得做…This car is worth more than two million yuan in China. This book is wellworth reading.这本书很值得一读.106.  the Summer Palace   颐和园Tian’anmen Square  天安门广场the Palace Museum  故宫the Great Hall of the People  人民大会堂the Temple of Heaven  天坛the Great Green Wall  绿色长城PLA  中国人民解放军PRC  中华人民共和国the Party  中国共产党the League  共青团Peking Opera  京剧107.  a digital camera  数字照相机a doctor for animals = an animal doctor  动物医生108.  so + 形/副+that 从句 (The place is so cold that nothing can grow in winter .这地方太冷,冬天什么都不长)so + many / few+ 复数名词 +that从句 (He has so many books that I don’t know which one to borrow. 他有那么多书,我不知道借哪一本)so + much / little+ 不可数名词+that从句 (She has so little money that she can’t buy anything .她钱太少,什么也买不到.)so+ 形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that从句 (This is so good a book that all of us like reading it )such +a / an+ 形容词+单数名词+ that从句 (This is such an interesting story that all of us like it)such +形容词+复数名词+that从句. such +形容词+不可数名词+that从句 (It is such fine weather today that many childrenare playing outside)109.  tell sb about sth.告诉某人关于某事 , tell sb+从句, tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事tell a lie说谎 , tell a story讲故事 , thank you for +n ./V-ing 谢谢你… too + adj. / adv. + to + v.太…而不能, toomuch(修饰名词)太多,过分 , much too(修饰adj./adv.)太110.  hope / wish+不定式(或从句), wish sb. to do sth. What do you mean by…?= What does… mean?…是什么意思?